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Phonological Awareness

Phonological awareness is the ability to hear sounds that make up words in spoken language. This includes recognising rhyme, beginning and ending sounds, manipulating sound to create new words and separating words into individual sounds.
Playing rhyming games
Rhyming with child’s own name, or family member names (Jane, pain, plane, stain…); reading poems, limericks, singing rhyming songs. While reading, identify beginning and ending sounds of words, find other words with same beginning / ending sound, changing beginning or ending sounds to make new words and nonsense words.
Daily practice
Give your child lots of opportunities to read aloud. Inspire your young reader to practice every day!
Don’t leave home without it
Bring along a book or magazine any time your child has to wait, such as at a doctor’s office. Always try to fit in reading!
Once is not enough
Encourage your child to re-read favourite books and poems. Re- reading helps kids read more quickly and accurately.
Dig deeper into the story
Ask your child questions about the story you’ve just read. Say something like, "Why do you think Clifford did that?"
Be patient
When your child is trying to sound out a word be patient encourage the child to look closely at the first letter or letters of the word.
Pick books that are at the right level
Help your child pick books that are not too difficult. The aim is to give your child lots of successful reading experiences.
Play word games
Have your child sound out the word as you change it from mat to fat to sat; from sat to sag to sap; and from sap to sip.
I read to you, you read to me
Take turns reading aloud at bedtime. Kids enjoy this special time with their parents.
Talk, talk, talk!
Talk with your child every day about school and things going on around the house. Sprinkle some interesting words into the conversation, and build on words you’ve talked about in the home.